The Cave de Gallician was created in 1951 in the southernmost area of the Rhone Valley, Languedoc-Roussillon, France - which includes the prestigious IGP Pays d'Oc. It is a co-op for the myriad of growers in the area who aren't large enough to build their own winery and make their own wine. This is a common practice in Europe, but almost unheard of in the United States.
The reason is that many of these vineyards were handed down from generation to generation. These vintners have a personal, historical attachment to their land. Of course, people also need to make money, and the costs associated with maintaining grapevines can be daunting.
The Cave is now an associaton of up to 50 winemakers, making wines for growers who control more than 2,000 acres of grapes.
Most of the grapes grown here are similar to those found in the Cotes du Rhone: Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre and Carignan. But they also grow Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and even Chardonnay.
GSM is an acronym for Grenache, Syrah, and Mourv?dre. It is used extensively in Australia and even by some California winemakers now, as well.
These three grapes are the backbone of Chateauneuf-du-Pape, and continue to comprise one of the best amalgams of wines there is. The Grenache offers bright fruit and spice, the Syrah strength and length, and the Mourvedre a round, grapey component that is nothing short of luscious. All in all, a wonderful combo.
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